Showing posts with label Mediterranean Diet. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Mediterranean Diet. Show all posts

Mediterranean diet reduced the risk of heart disease

About 30 percent of swings, swings and fatalities from cardiovascular illness can be avoided in individuals at risky if they switch to a Mediterranean diet eating plan rich in olive oil, almonds, beans, fish, fruits and veggies, and even drink wine with meals, a large and rigorous new research has found.

The results, published on The New England Publication of Medicine’s Web site on Monday, were depending on the first major medical trial to measure the diet’s impact on center risks. The scale of the diet’s benefits surprised professionals. The research ended early, after almost five years, because the results were so clear it was considered illegal to continue.

The eating plan helped those following it even though they did not shed bodyweight and most of them were already getting statins, or high blood pressure level or diabetes medication to reduced their cardiovascular illness danger.

“Really impressive,” said Rachel Brown, a lecturer of nutrition at the University of Vermont and a speaker for the American Heart Association. “And the really essential factor — the coolest factor — is that they used very meaningful endpoints. They did not look at risks like cholesterol or high blood pressure or bodyweight. They looked at swings and swings and death. At the end of the day, that is what really matters.”

Until now, evidence that the Mediterranean diet eating plan reduced the chance of cardiovascular illness was weak, centered mostly on studies showing that individuals from Mediterranean sea countries seemed to have reduced rates of cardiovascular illness — a pattern that could have been linked to aspects other than eating plan.

And some professionals had been doubtful that the impact of eating plan could be recognized, if it existed at all, because so many individuals are already getting powerful medication to reduce cardiovascular illness danger, while other professionals hesitated to recommend the eating plan plan to individuals who already had overweight, since oils and almonds have a lot of calories.

 Heart disease experts said the study was a triumph because it showed that a diet was powerful in reducing heart disease risk, and it did so using the most rigorous methods. Scientists randomly assigned 7,447 people in Spain who were overweight, were smokers, or had diabetes or other risk factors for heart disease to follow the Mediterranean diet or a low-fat one.

Low-fat diets have not been shown in any rigorous way to be helpful, and they are also very hard for patients to maintain — a reality borne out in the new study, said Dr. Steven E. Nissen, chairman of the department of cardiovascular medicine at the Cleveland Clinic Foundation.

“Now along comes this group and does a gigantic study in Spain that says you can eat a nicely balanced diet with fruits and vegetables and olive oil and lower heart disease by 30 percent,” he said. “And you can actually enjoy life.”

The study, by Dr. Ramon Estruch, a professor of medicine at the University of Barcelona, and his colleagues, was long in the planning. The investigators traveled the world, seeking advice on how best to answer the question of whether a diet alone could make a big difference in heart disease risk. They visited the Harvard School of Public Health several times to consult Dr. Frank M. Sacks, a professor of cardiovascular disease prevention there
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The Mediterranean Diet That Heart Health

The Mediterranean diet has long been known that heart health, reduces the risk of metabolic syndrome, a set of risk factors that increase the risk of heart disease, stroke and diabetes, according to a new study.

Researchers from Greece and Italy examined the results of 50 published studies involving a total of more than 500,000 participants in a meta-analysis - a statistical analysis of results of similar studies - on the Mediterranean Diet.

Among their findings: Food-based natural foods is associated with a lower risk of walking in blood pressure, blood sugar and triglycerides, and reduced risk of a decrease in good cholesterol - all factors risk of metabolic syndrome.

"This is the first time in literature, perhaps the first thing someone looks through a meta-analysis of cardiovascular risk factors, not just the result hard" for heart disease and other conditions, said Dr. Demosthenes Panagiotakos, lecturer at the University Harokopio Athens, Greece.

The study is published in the March 15 issue of the Journal of American College of Cardiology.

Mediterranean diet is a model of daily consumption of fruits, vegetables, whole grains and low fat dairy products, weekly consumption of fish, poultry, nuts and legumes, high consumption of monounsaturated fatty acids, primarily from olives and olive oil and a moderate daily consumption of wine or other alcoholic beverages, normally with meals. consumption of red meat and processed foods are minimized.

The metabolic syndrome - more common in America - occurs if someone has three or more of the following five conditions: blood pressure greater than or equal to 130/85, fasting glucose greater than or equal to 100 mg / dL, a tour size of 35 inches or more in women and 40 inches or more in men, an HDL ("good" cholesterol) below 40 for men and below 50 in women, triglycerides less than 150 mg / dL.

During the test, Panagiotakos and his team found the Mediterranean diet is strongly associated with reduced risk of metabolic syndrome, "refusing to specify the exact percentage, because the data are not entirely compatible.

The research team also noted that further study was necessary because some of the studies reviewed also interventions such as physical activity and smoking.

The results are not surprising, says Dr. Ronald Goldberg, professor of medicine at the Diabetes Research Institute, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, who reviewed the results. Because many studies have confirmed the role of the Mediterranean diet reduce heart disease, he noted, it is logical that the diet would also reduce the risks that lead to heart disease.

But when Americans are happy to processed foods and fast, how would they be willing to adopt the diet? "Not particularly," Goldberg acknowledged. But, he added, nutritionists, recognizing that the reluctance has recently begun efforts to adapt the system to different cultures - for example, including many Hispanic foods in a Mediterranean diet suitable for those from Latin America.

By doing this, not only the diet containing the same nutrients that the Mediterranean diet, but the familiar foods of similar ethnicity, "said Goldberg.

Panagiotakos said that even American fast-food lovers can eat more of the Mediterranean. "Even though fast food, we can introduce a healthy, such as salads, fruits and vegetables, grains and legumes, and use good sources of fat can change the steaks in all of these products -.. This is a nutrition education"
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