Steve Jobs Pancreatic Cancer
What killed visionary founder of Apple and Steve Jobs? Neither his company nor his family revealed the cause of death, but medical experts not involved in his care has suspicions about her cancer had returned.
Steve Jobs, had fought a rare slow-growing pancreatic cancer for more than seven years. Medical experts have to say his liver transplant two years ago, reported that his cancer was likely to be returned or spread. They said his death could be cancer, his new liver is not working, or complications that immunosuppressive drugs to prevent organ rejection.
Jobs said he was cured in 2004 after surgery for a so-called island of neuroendocrine tumor cells. This rare form of pancreatic cancer is considered the most processed form of the disease that killed the actor Patrick Swayze in 2009.
"Neuroendocrine tumors are rare, only a few thousand cases a year," Dr. Craig Devoe, pancreatic cancer specialist North Shore-lij Health System, New Hyde Park, NY, told HealthDay. Devoe speculated that fewer than 1,000 of these cases, the strike of the pancreas. Overall, approximately 43 000 cases of pancreatic cancer each year, killing nearly 38 000 people.
Treatment options vary, but include chemotherapy, hormone therapy and surgery to remove the tumor or surrounding tissue.
A liver transplant can cure the type of job "of cancer, but" if it should return, it is generally one to two years, "said Dr. Michael Pishvaian, a specialist in gastrointestinal cancer at the University Georgetown.
Intensely private, employment has never revealed the cancer had spread to his lymph nodes or liver, or the extent of his surgery. Some doctors have speculated he had a Whipple procedure in which part of the pancreas and small intestine, gall bladder, and in some cases a part of the stomach is removed and the organs attached to allow digestion.
"It 'a big step, but it can be performed very safely by experienced surgeons experienced centers," says Dr. Steven Libutti director of the Einstein-Montefiore Center for Cancer Care in the Bronx.
Jobs was dramatically thinner in accordance with the procedure. In January 2009, has caused these problems, hormonal imbalance, and said that it was a simple treatment. A week later, he went to medical leave and then had a liver transplant, which was held in secret for two months.
At that time, Jobs would not say why the transplant was necessary, although doctors have speculated that the likely explanation is that the cancer had spread to the liver.
People with cancer usually does not undergo transplant surgery, but "there is some support for the idea that liver transplantation can be curative," neuroendocrine tumor for as long as the cancer has not spread to the liver, Pishvaian said.
Patients with neuroendocrine tumors that have spread to survive on average seven or eight years, but some patients have lived 20 or 30 years, said Dr. Martin Heslin, chief of surgery at Vanderbilt University cancer.
Unfortunately for the job, it was not the case - the last in January, it announced its third and final leave, and resigned in August, reported CBS News.
"I always said that if ever the day when I could no longer meet the expectations of my duties, and as CEO of Apple, I would be the first to say:" Jobs wrote on the board of directors of Apple on August 24. "Unfortunately, this day has come."
Steve Jobs Pancreatic Cancer