November 21: Tropics, Record Temps, Storms, Snow, & Floods

Posted by Zotta Rendevouz

Meteorological events that happened on November 21st:


A 4-day storm was in progress in the northeastern U.S. The storm dropped 12 to 18 inches of snow on New York City and New Haven, CT, and as much as 3 feet in Maine and New Hampshire. The snowstorm ushered in a long and severe winter, in some places the ground remained covered with snow until the following May.


An intense blizzard levels nearly a third of Maritime Telegraph and Telephone Company's utility poles, cutting off Cape Breton, Nova Scotia Canada


Boston, MA. ended their longest period with no precipitation at 44 days.


Excessive rains in southern California caused the most severe flooding and the most damaging mudslides since 1934. Downtown Los Angeles received 7.94 inches of rain, and 14 inches fell in the mountains.


Arctic high pressure with an upper level trough brought record cold from the northern Rockies to the Pacific Northwest. Record low temperatures for the date included: Hardin, MT: -30°, Bozeman, MT: -27°, Broadus, MT: -26°, Boulder, MT: -25°, Butte, MT: -24°, Columbus/Hysham, MT: -23°, Wisdom, MT: -21°, Roundup, MT: -20°, Grass Range, MT: -20°, Billings, MT: -18° (high was only 5 above), Sheridan, WY: -17°, Miles City, MT: -17°, Kalispell, MT: -17°, Lander, WY: -14°: Tied, Rapid City, SD: -7°, Yakima, WA: 6°, Salt Lake City, UT: 7°, Olympia, WA: 11°and Seattle, WA: 21°.

In contrast, Brownsville, TX set a record high with 89°.


The Upper Plains was hit with heavy snow through the 22nd as the storm raced northeast into Canada. Snowfall totals were in the 6 to 13 inch range with generally lesser amounts across northwest Iowa and southwest Minnesota. Sioux Falls, SD reported the highest storm total at 13 inches. Sioux Falls' 24-hour total through the 22nd of 11.8 inches is the heaviest 24-hour snow total in the month of November on record for the city. Moderate winds of 20 to 35 mph made travel difficult at times, but nowhere near as bad as a classic Dakota ground blizzard. Across the Rockies, some storm totals included: Wheatland, WY: 30 inches, Cheyenne, WY: 25.6 inches, Kimball, NE: 17 inches and 12.8 inches at Scottsbluff, NE.

On the west coast, Quillayute, WA set a record high with 60°.


The United Kingdom's largest tornado outbreak occurred. 150 tornadoes broke out over England and Wales in just over five hours. Most of the tornadoes were very weak.


Over 4 inches of rain fell in less than 4 hours making for a wet Thanksgiving at Palm Beach, FL. Extensive street and urban flooding occurred.

A few record lows were set from the Upper Lakes to the Mid-Atlantic including: Marquette, MI: -4°, Wilmington, DE: 19°, Jackson, KY: 20° and Wallops Island, VA: 22°.


Hurricane Kate made landfall during the evening hours near Mexico Beach, FL with sustained winds near 95 mph. Wind gusts to 100 mph were reported at Cape San Blas, FL. This was the 6th land falling storm in the U.S. that year, a record and it was the latest and strongest known hurricane to hit the U.S.

Eight cities from the central Plains to the Pacific Northwest reported record low temperatures for the date including: Valentine, MT: -17°, Burns, OR: -9°, Boise, ID: -2°, Yakima, WA: 0°, Lincoln, NE: 3°-Tied, Quillayute, WA: 20°-Tied, Seattle, WA: 21°-Tied and Astoria, OR: 25°.


Squalls in the Lower Great Lakes Region and the Upper Ohio Valley produced 14 inches of snow at Snowshoe, WV, and nearly 8 inches at Syracuse, NY.

Many cities in the eastern U.S. reported record low temperatures for the date including: Binghamton, NY: 8°, Houghton Lake, MI: 8°-Tied, Syracuse, NY: 9°, Worcester, MA: 10°, Milton, MA: 11°, Hartford, CT: 13°, Grand Rapids, MI: 14°, Avoca, PA: 14°-Tied, Providence, RI: 16°, Newark, NJ: 18°, Islip, NY: 18°, Bridgeport, CT: 18°, New York (Kennedy Airport), NY: 19°, Muskegon, MI: 19°-Tied, New York (LaGuardia Airport), PA: 20°, Jackson, KY: 20°-Tied and Pinson, AL: 21°.

Gale force winds lashed the Middle and Northern Atlantic Coast, and the strong northwesterly winds produced wind chill readings as cold as -30°. Winds gusting to 60 mph at Trumansburg, NY toppled a chimney onto a nearby truck.

Most of the buildings on the island of Chuuk in the Western Pacific were destroyed by an unusual tropical storm. Unusual in that tropical cyclones rarely are so intense that close to the equator.


High winds accompanied rain and snow in the northeastern U.S. Caribou, ME received 8 inches of snow in 6 hours, and Fort Kent, ME was blanketed with a total of 14 inches of snow.


The storm which produced thunderstorms and high winds in the northeastern U.S. the previous day, produced snow and high winds in New England, with blizzard conditions reported in Maine. Winds gusted to 58 mph at Augusta, ME and reached 55 mph at Boston, MA. Hurricane force winds were reported off the coast of Maine. Snowfall totals ranged up to 18 inches at Vanceboro, ME, with 17 inches at South Lincoln, VT. There were 35 storm related injuries in Maine.

Several cities from Texas to the Rockies reported record high temperatures for the date including: San Angelo, TX: 85°, Midland-Odessa, TX: 81°-Tied, Colorado Springs, CO: 73°, Redding, CA: 70°, Reno, NV: 66°, Cheyenne, WY: 65°, Lander, WY: 62°-Tied, Alamosa, CO: 61°and Casper, WY: 61°.


The November 21st – 23rd tornado outbreak was the 3rd largest outbreak in recorded history and one of the longest continuous outbreaks ever recorded. There was no break in tornado activity from 1:30 pm on the 21st when the tornadoes started in Texas until 7:30am on the 23rd, when the last tornadoes lifted in North Carolina. On this date, severe thunderstorms spawned 6 tornadoes within 70 minutes in the Houston metro area in Texas. At one time, there were three on the ground in Harris County. The strongest, an F4, tracked 20 miles through the eastern suburbs of Houston destroying 200 homes and damaging 1,000 more. In total, 23 tornadoes struck Mississippi and Alabama. An F4 tornado killed 12 people on a 128-mile track through 7 Mississippi counties. The deadliest tornado of 1992, an F4 tornado killed 12 people on a 128 mile track through 7 counties in Mississippi, one of the bodies was blown a quarter mile into a tree.


Brutal cold invaded Montana bringing record low temperatures for the date including: Havre, MT: -27°, Shelby, MT: -25°, Cut Bank, MT: -23°, Del Bonita, MT: -22° and Stanford, MT: -18°.

In contrast, Corpus Christi, TX set a record high with 91°.


Forests across the east became tinderboxes, with up to 60,000 acres burned in the Appalachians. Moist air from the Pacific shifted farther north than usual, leaving the South and Southwest drier and warmer than normal. Crawfish farmers in Louisiana were feeling the effect as their ponds were drying up. Hunters also reported that waterfowl were bypassing dry central Louisiana in favor of coastal areas.

In contrast, the first significant snow of the season struck the Colorado Rockies. Snowfall totals included: Bailey, CO: 16 inches, Evergreen, CO: 13 inches, North Turkey Creek, Genesee, Morrison and Sedalia, CO: 12 inches, Conifer and Evergreen, CO: 11 inches, Louisville, CO: 10 inches, Brighton, Broomfield and Denver, CO: 9 inches and Arvada, Castle Rock and Eldorado Springs, CO with 8 inches.

A few cities in Texas reported record high temperatures for the date including: Houston, TX: 84°, Austin (Bergstrom), TX: 83° and Galveston, TX: 83°.


A blinding snowstorm buried Vladivostok, Russia with as much as 5 feet of snow shutting everything down.


An upper level ridge brought warm temperatures from the Rockies to the West Coast. Fresno reached a high of 81°, tying a record high and their latest 80 degree or better high temperature on record with the same date in 1926. Other record highs for the date included: Santa Ana, CA: 90°, Los Angeles (LAX), CA: 87°, Hanford, CA: 77°, Idyllwild, CA: 76°, Redding, CA: 73°, Sacramento, CA: 71°, Cut Bank, MT: 67°, Choteau, MT: 66°, Shelby, MT: 64°, Mile City, MT: 60°, Spokane, WA: 56° and Pocatello, ID: 55°-Tied.


On this date through the 22nd, up to 3 feet of snow blanketed Southern California's San Gabriel and San Bernardino mountains east of Los Angeles. Nearby desert areas were also whitened.

Gusty Mono Winds blew across the southern Sierra with gusts clocked as high as 93 mph. Numerous trees blew down near El Portal and Foresta and property damage occurred in Oakhurst and Ponderosa Basin.


Waist-deep snow and treacherous driving conditions at Strathroy, Ontario Canada stranded dozens of motorists who are forced to hunker down for a night on the road. Between 20 and 28 inches of snow blew in off Lake Huron burying cars. The local squall generated 12 hours of whiteouts and drifts over three feet high.